Research in the Duffy Group is grounded in the 3-Dimensional Learning (3DL) framework, which stems from the National Research Council’s A Framework for K-12 Science Education. While the Framework was written for K-12 education (and used to develop the Next Generation Science Standards), its principles have been adapted for the university level, such as in the CLUE curriculum for general chemistry and the P-cubed curriculum for introductory physics. Here at Western Washington University, the Duffy Group is interested in leveraging the 3DL framework to investigate, and ultimately improve, teaching and learning in (1) physical chemistry and (2) laboratory settings.
So, what is 3-Dimensional Learning?
3DL in science classrooms requires learners to use Scientific Practices and Crosscutting Concepts to engage with Disciplinary Core Ideas. These three components—Scientific Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Disciplinary Core Ideas—constitute the three “dimensions” described in the Framework. Below, we unpack each of these dimensions in the context of chemistry.